Home buyers in Canada are required to make a down-payment of at least 5% of the purchase price of the property. But remember, anyone that has less than 20% down-payment is required to pay a CMHC Premium, which is the cost of insuring your new mortgage against default (non-payment of the loan). With only 5% down, the CMHC Premium will be 4% of the total loan amount. For a $300,000 mortgage, that would be a $12,000 premium (https://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/co/moloin/moloin_005.cfm). So, what’s the upside of paying for this premium? It usually results in the home buyer having a lower interest rate on the loan, which could save them money over the long-term.
The right type of mortgage:
When speaking about mortgage rates, most people in Canada refer to the 5-year fixed rate. Currently, the Bank of Canada quotes the 5 year mortgage rate at 5.14% (https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/daily-digest/), even though most Canadians can negotiate lower rates than this from a lender. Borrowers are free, however, to negotiate a range of mortgage terms, including anywhere from an “open” mortgage, which allows the borrower to pay off the balance of the loan at any time, to a 10 year mortgage, which locks in the client’s interest rate for 10 years, but with the consequence that should the client choose to pay off the balance of the mortgage before that time is up, they would have to pay a penalty. For borrowers that believe market interest rates might stay the same, or even drop, a variable rate mortgage might be appropriate. Variable rate mortgages allow borrowers to borrow money at a lower rate than the current 5 year fixed rate, but with the condition that if market rates rise, so will the interest rate of the client’s mortgage.
The importance of an underwritten pre-approval:
With all of the recent changes to mortgage rules in Canada (https://globalnews.ca/news/3897942/new-mortgage-rules-2018-canada-guide/), it is important for home buyers to carefully obtain the right pre-approval before agreeing to buy a home. An underwritten pre-approval means that a professional took the time to ask for, and validate, several key documents that lenders and the government require from borrowers before they can grant them a mortgage loan. These documents might include employment letters, pay-stubs, credit reports, savings account statements, and even Notice of Assessments from Revenue Canada. These documents are meant to ensure that borrowers have consistent and stable income, that they can afford the mortgage over the long-term; they now even seek to ensure that the borrower could continue to pay the mortgage if interest rates rose a couple of percent. Many lenders will issue pre-approvals without asking for key documents, and this could leave the client open to the risk of not actually being able to obtain the mortgage later in the process once the key documents are properly reviewed.
BA (Hons.), B.Ed., MBA.
Mortgage Agent and Financial Consultant serving Ontario since 2007.